The first references of the breed are previous to 1850. To both sides of the Tees River that separates the English Counties of Durham and Yorkshire,
the first selection processes started. As of year 1700, better references existed and before 1780 the first records began. The pioneering breeders were Tomas Bates (1776), the brothers Charles and Robert Colling, and Thomas Booth (1790), all of them were breeders of the county of Durham. In 1929 the Durham pioneers were exported to Scotland, bought by Captain Barclay of the county of Ury and in 1937 they arrived to the county of Aberdeen.
In 1783 they go to the United States, to the state of Virginia and in 1791, to the state of New York. In 1823 the legendary Tarquino arrives to the Rio de la Plata. This bull was acquired by J. Miles for his ranch in Canaverales, in the province of Buenos Aires, being the first pedigree reproducer of all the races that arrived to this region.
SHORTHORN IN URUGUAY: the Shorthorn breed was introduced to Uruguay in 1859 by the Hughes brothers, with the import of 2 bulls and 2 pedigree heifers. It was with the first Shorthorn inscriptions that the Genealogical records of the Rural Association of Uruguay were opened in October 12, 1887, with two bulls imported from France.
The Shorthorn breed is recognized for improving the quality, precocity and yields of our native cattle.
THE BREED AT THE PRESENT TIME: The Shorthorn breeders Society founded in 1944 is permanently in accordance to what occurs with the breed around the world: to guide breeders, informing on the achievements obtained by breeders of other latitudes, so as to be able to adapt them to our needs, taking into account the different conditions of breeding and the management of rodeos, as well as their feeding conditions. Since 1978, this is how the Society has sponsored the importation of bulls and/or semen from England (Lincoln Red), Canada, the U.S.A., and lately from Australia.
Nowadays, the way the breed is raised, makes it an excellent option for breeding adding to them mainly facility of breeding, maternal ability with excellent milk production, precocity, facility of fattening, and what the industry and the consumer look for today: good quality of meat considering its excellent marbling and tenderness.
For this reason, Shorthorn is the great improver of rodeos throughout the world and has also been the origin of other breeds.
SHORTHORN: THE MAIN BREED